Thứ sáu, 10-04-2020

Integrated coastal zone management strategy (ICZM) of Vietnam to 2020, vision toward 2030, announcement and implementation

On 8th July, Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment (MONRE), Soc Trang People Committee and GIZ Viet Nam have organized the launching ceremony and workshop on Vietnam’s strategy for integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) to 2020, vision toward 2030 that was approved by Prime Minister at Decision 2295/QĐ-TTg dated by 17/12/2014. The strategy aims at sustainable economic and social development by protecting coastal natural resource and environment in the long-term.



According to MONRE, economic activities through more than 20 years like tourism, processing industry, aquaculture,…has degraded marine biodiversity and resources, especially at coastal areas and estuary. In addition, climate change has resulted to coastal erosion and landslide that reducing the area of coastal protected forests.


Mr. Chu Ngoc Hien (Vice minister of MONRE) think that coastal environment pollution is increasingly serious because of changing land-use by the wrong purposes. Vietnam coastal erosion is complicated and happening at large scale, especially at the Mekong Delta while the management and exploitation of marine natural resource is in need of a tight cooperation between Ministries and levels (national and provincial). The ceremony and implementation workshop of ICZM strategy will help ministries, sectors and provinces in reviewing objectives of the strategy and how it supports economic and social development.


According to Mr. Vu Sy Tuan – Vice Directorate of Vietnam Administration of Seas and Islands, an integrated solution is needed to minimize the overlap and increase cooperation among sectors and provinces in managing the coast, hence on 17/12/2014 Prime Minister has approved Decision 2295/QĐ-TTg on Vietnam’s ICZM Strategy by 2020 and a vision by 2030. The decision aims to foster Integrated-Management solutions that legalized at Natural resource, marine and island environment Law approved at the 9th session of the National Assembly, term XIII.    


The contents of strategy: The build-up and promulgation of policies and laws on ICZM; Sustainable exploitation and utilization of natural resources; preservation of the nature and ecological diversification; Preservation and control against pollution, damage minimization due to natural calamities, and confrontation with climate changes and sea level rise; Training for ICZM management capacity at the national and provincial levels.


The objective of strategy is to reasonably exploit and utilize natural resources and protect coastal zones in Vietnam to meet needs for sustainable socio-economic development. The objectives by the year 2020 are: Better policies and laws for the legal foundation to effectively realize the ICZM; Reasonably exploiting and utilizing natural resources in the coastal zones; Assure for socio-economic benefits with environment protection; preventing and minimizing negative impacts caused by humans, the nature, and climate changes on natural resources and coastal environment; Training and enhancing awareness on ICZM, management of natural resources, natural values, and natural risks to life and social security in the coastal zones; Fostering the community and civil organizations’ participation in building up policies and deploying the implementation of ICZM-related activities. The vision by the year 2030 is that coastal areas in Vietnam are clean, nice, and safe to live, work, and make investments.


The strategy will expand this management method from 14 coastal provinces in 158 Programs (Integrated Coastal Management Program up to 2010 with vision to 2020 for North Central and Coastal Central regions) to 28 coastal provinces and cities. 


Chief Technical Advisor of Integrated Coastal and Mangrove forests protection at Mekong Delta in adaptation to Climate Change (ICMP) said that German Government will continue to support Vietnam in coastal natural resource management and environment protection in danger of climate change. In addition, they also help in connecting international financial resources to implement ICZM strategy, enhancing capacity to cope with natural hazards and climate change.

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