Thứ sáu, 05-06-2020

Introduction of the Forest Sector Development Project (FSDP)



I.        Background:

The Forest Sector Development Project in the frame of the Forest Sector Development Program cooperates between Government of Vietnam and his partners and sponsors. Project contains two elements: (i) Development of production plantation forest in some Central provinces of Vietnam; and (ii) Vietnam Conservation Fund (VCF). At the beginning, project operated in four provinces: TT Hue, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, and Binh Dinh; and the extension period added two provinces Thanh Hoa and Nghe An. Total area plan of the project is established about 70,300 ha production plantation forest.

Project has total investment over USD 100 million, in which borrows from the International Development Association (IDA) period 1 with USD 42.31 million and extension period with USD 30 million; non-refundable of the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) with USD 9 million and other non-refundable capital resources from the Government of Finland, Netherland and European Union total USD 11,98 million and counterpart fund of the Government of Vietnam with USD 6.9 million.     

1.  Project Objective

The Project objective is to manage plantation forest sustainably and effectiveness and biodiversity conservation in the special use forests (SUFs) and to enhance the forestry contribution to the deduction of poverty in Vietnam and the global environment protection.


+ Tax policies and incentive mechanisms include properly production pricing for plantation was improved and amended due to lesson learned and critical studies;      

+ Forest land classification and allocation is simplified and transparent due to lesson learned  relate to guides in  the Project Information Manual (PIM);

+ Level of living for 19,000 households are increased through forest activities and employment;

+ Training and extension guide includes development of plantation forest features are setting up;

+ 950 local forest farmer groups (FFGs) are established and perfomed;

+ Extension activities provided to at least 750 FFGs;

+ 58,749 ha land use allocated and certificated (LUC) to households;

+ Plantation design is completed to 70,332ha compatible with approved forest models;

+ About 10.000ha of plantation forest is certificated;

+ Biodiversity is maintained for 30 SUFs;

+ Technical staffs/officials are already trained at all level of CPCU/PPMUs/VCF Secretariat

+ Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) process is established and operated effectively.

2. Project Description

Component 1: Institutional Development

Sub-component 1 (a): Linking Field Implementation and Policy Development

Sub-component 1 (b): Establishing Forest Farmer Groups

Sub-component 1 (c): Promoting Plantation Forest Certification.

Component 2: Smallholder Plantation Forest

Sub-component 2 (a): Participatory Site Selection

Sub-component 2 (b): Land Allocation/LUC Issuance

Sub-component 2 (c): Extension and Service Delivery

Sub-component 2 (d): Plantation Design

Sub-component 2 (e): Plantation Investment provides a preferential interest rate and period of grace in a line of credit to smallholders and depend on type of each model under project establishment.

Component 3: Special Use Forest

Sub-component 3 (a): Conservation Fund Establishment and Operations

Sub-component 3 (b): Special Use Forest Planning and Implementation

Component 4: Project Management, and Monitoring and Evaluation

Sub-component 4 (a): Project Management

Sub-component 4 (a): Project Monitoring and Evaluation



II.     Project Achievements (2005 - 2013)

Project has been implementing since 2005, the Forest Sector Development Project have done material set of institutional development research that involved land policy, plantation forest, and delivery management of  seedlings material for plantation. FSDP has been first succeeded project of MARD to issue of the international plantation forest certification to households taking part in plantation from project loans. The project has issued FSC certification to 323 households with 783 ha in 2012.

Due to plantation forest project which has planted 68,077ha for 37,202 households attaining 96,83% of total plan for 70,300 ha production plantation forest.

Project has provided the completed system to households as: Built up the forestry extension system from central to local level;   established of demonstration models in target provinces; FSDP provided good quality clones and equipped approved nurseries to ensure quality sources; supported the activities such as measurement, land allocation, forest design, civil-culture tracks, technical training courses; and the Ethnic minority development plans (EMDP) support to ethnic minority people, the forest famer groups (FFGs) and the program of preferential budget help forest famers (through VBSP) was also focused during project implementation to ensure effectiveness plantation forest target.    

For special forest use component, project has invested small financings in supporting over 70 SUFs with high biodiversity conservation in line disbursement of VCF.

A fulfilment management system from central project level to province, district, and commune level that has implemented project process timely and monitored enough all level of project management. Therefore, project has operated for nearly 10 years, it had to contribute in improving the social and economic life to the households, deduction of poverty, create jobs to many people, ensure of food and social security; raised income source and economic development to their family.

Environment protection and increase in forest cover through forestry plantations have been significant improved and the deduction of soil erosion; habitat improvement and minimizing negative impacts on agriculture operations and against climate change.  

In conclusion, FSDP has strong impact on policy side, and towards to the national strategy for forestation until 2020. Due to policies are supported loans to organizations, households for plantation forest project in line with preferential interest that encouraged forest economic development and a contribution to the national forest sector development.

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